Early English Stemmers

The first published stemmer was written by Julie Beth Lovins in 1968, her paper [Ref: W5] refers to three earlier major attempts to construct stemming algorithms:

 

References:

Salton, Gerard. Automatic Information Organization and Retrieval. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1968.

Salton, Gerard, and Lesk, M. E. "The SMART Automatic Document Retrieval System." Communications of the ACM, vol. 8, no. 6 (June 1965).